台日交流心連心

文化.競技.扎根
:::

2019 / 9月

文‧李珊瑋 圖‧林格立


「二北一心」,18年不輟的友誼連結,宜蘭北成國小和姐妹校日本北園小學校固定雙向文化交流,凝結深厚情誼。對拓展師生全球視野、營造環境教育,斐然有成,足為典範。

宜蘭縣府以培育三級運動人才為體育政策重點項目,民間社團體育會全力襄助,成立近70個委員會,出錢出力做為培育國家級教練和選手的堅實後盾。像公正國小歷年來從幼兒園扎根,推動全民運動暨競技項目,落實三級培訓,以培育國家級選手為目標,全力進軍東奧奪牌。

 


 

締結姐妹校,交流情誼深

彬彬有禮的小學生,一字排開地坐在會議桌前,儀態端莊地侃侃而談,他們是今年北成國小台日交流的親善大使代表。「『二北一心』的文化交流,今年已經是第18年了。」校長劉珀伶說。2000年9月北成國小開啟訪日的序幕,兩年後北園小學校回訪,雙方締結姊妹校。北成歷經徐政雄、宋正雄、簡信斌校長,日方也更迭三任校長,持續不斷,留傳佳話。「我其實才剛接任北成國小校長不久,但是交接時,主任就向我報告這項優良傳統。」今年6月,劉珀伶依照時程,率領親、師、生39人,前往日本北園小學校進行藝術文化交流。以推動人文、樂活、科學、藝術為治校重點的劉珀伶,不僅關注本土情懷,更延續開拓師生國際視野的傳統。「二北一心」的台日交流,就是人文課程的重點項目。

「我們都很期待能去日本交流,雖然語言不同,但是透過肢體,大家都能溝通。」六年級的朱耘禎、朱耘賞、林楷芯、鐘心妍曾經擔任接待小天使,今年格外希望能夠去日本北園小學校,見到去年來訪的日本友人。「他們有表演茶道給我們看,告訴我們茶道的禮儀。」四年級的林詩芸第一次參與交流活動,對入班學習非常興奮。「我回家以後,吃飯前和吃飯後,都會照禮儀向家人致謝。」莊子芯把感恩的心落實在生活中,表達崇敬。日語流利的郭詠淇也很高興進一步了解日本的生活習俗。「能參加這項活動,是很大的榮譽,大家很早就報名。」謝楷祥認真爭取這項交流機會。

北成國小的學童出發前,校方安排為期三個月的語言、才藝和生活教育的訓練課程。義務擔任日語社團老師的歐怡文,是訓練課程中不可或缺的靈魂人物,她是學生家長,也是重要的聯絡窗口。「我覺得這是我的使命。」歐怡文與移民日本的台灣友人大山純慧,搭起台日交流的友誼之橋,雙方都投注許多心力。

自律管理,融入生活教育

「日本人非常注重細節,對時間和流程的控管非常嚴格。」負責承辦的北成國小教務主任洪逸馨,半年多前就開始和日方密切聯繫,確保每項細節都妥當確實。「北園小學校全校動員,用最高規格來歡迎到訪的北成國小師生。」讓大家對日方嚴謹認真的態度印象深刻。「歡迎大會是由學生主持,由座位的安排,到食物的準備,全都井然有序,而且非常安靜。」劉珀伶覺得在交流中,讓學生感受到日方學子注重禮儀的人格特質,專注、傾聽的氛圍,自律管理的約束態度,就是生活教育最大的收穫。

北成國小校方和家長會逐年編列經費,支持這項交流。現任家長會長盧銘欽說,「台日家長會也建立起私下的情感連結。」透過雙方家長建立起持續的友誼,形成堅實的後盾。北園小學校的學生為了參加交流,有的必須在三年前開始儲備旅費,「我覺得這是一個很具意義的生活教育,也養成學童為理想目標奮鬥的毅力。」劉珀伶說。

當日方來訪時,北成國小也用對等的規格,全校動員接待。「因為我們有60班,交流生只有20多位,所以大家都想爭取做接待班級。」洪逸馨說。由於時間短促,師生都費心的規劃,展現最具台灣味的飲食和文化,讓日方留下深刻印象。「我們教他們包水餃,有的班級還準備了奶茶和湯圓。」六年級的鐘心妍、林楷芯、朱耘賞有機會擔任接待小天使,個個都展現出熱情和自信。

「每次分別時,孩子都會相擁哭泣。」擔任北成校長8年期間,兩度率團赴日交流及在地接待的簡信斌說。雖然相聚往往只有短暫的兩天,但是彼此深厚的情誼,彷彿早已貫穿時空,緊密連結,在相遇的剎那間,喚起心中最真摰的情意,在情境的催化下,瞬間傾瀉奔騰。

三級培訓,無縫接軌

除了從小學培養台日交流的氛圍,宜蘭縣更全面佈局栽培體育競技人才。「縣長非常重視教育,再困難也絕不能刪減教育經費。」宜蘭縣政府教育處處長王泓翔表示,除了行政支援,更極力表揚優秀選手,給予獎勵。「培育三級人才,是我們的終極目標。」例如鞍馬王子李智凱、吊環王子陳智郁、亞運單槓金牌唐嘉鴻等現役國手,都是由公正國小啟蒙,分級培育出來的優秀子弟。「最重要的,是要做到無縫接軌。」在地方政府、體育會、校方的共識下,皆以進軍奧運為目標。期許李智凱及唐嘉鴻能在 2020 東京奧運會上,發光發熱,為國爭光。

「我們的成績在六都之外排名第一,但是經費實在不成比例。」宜蘭縣體育會理事長蔡岡志說。「我們現在有70個委員會負責推動和培訓選手,其中50個是奧運項目。」體育會以強大的社會資源,成為選手培訓的堅實後盾。致力延攬教練群,一鄉一重點,培育精英。堅實的金三角,相互支援,資源共享,眾志成城。「很多教練,都是宜蘭出身的子弟兵。」到宜蘭服務後,王泓翔深刻體會,除了演藝廳、體操館、武術館等完善的硬體設施外,宜蘭更是一個「很黏」的縣市,具有強烈的向心力和傳承使命。

武術修身,武德養心

武術是中國傳統文化中重要的一環,1990年首次被列入第11屆「亞運會」競賽。「套路和散手,都是武術比賽的項目。」公正國小學務主任、候用校長莊仲庭說。無論是發出嘶吼聲的南方拳,或是氣勢雄勁的北方拳,以及各式器械,公正國小武術隊全都訓練有素。「學業成績達到標準的同學,才能參加競賽訓練。」術德兼修,是教育的基本目標。

「喝!喝!喝!」走進公正國小的體育館,渾身是勁,虎虎生風的武術隊勇士們,正在揮汗操練。「今年是我們建校69週年,感謝林縣長特地表揚武術隊,並致贈獎勵金鼓勵。」校長簡信斌說。公正國小武術隊堪稱宜蘭之光,108年全國武術聯賽暨2019第十屆亞洲青少年武術錦標賽,中華代表隊選手選拔賽拿下19金12銀8銅亮麗成績;國術及武術比賽積分排名,位居各級學校第一名,蟬連雙料總冠軍,再度制霸全國,奠定「武林盟主」地位。

肅殺的眼神,巾幗不讓鬚眉,讓人震懾。「後台有鏡子,教練會教他們如何展現。」2011年才成立的武術隊,教練游囿仁本身就是前國家代表隊選手,教導出的選手全都「武功高強」。以「棍術、北拳、短兵」項目贏得個人三金殊榮的公正國小五年級生張以昕,以及奪下「南拳、奇兵、雙人器械」金牌、四年級的陳芸耘,皆已獲選國手,代表台灣出國比賽,成為台灣之光。三年級的游淳安首度參賽,就爆出黑馬,勇奪「內家拳」金牌。

納入課程,全民運動

「田徑也是公正國小讓人矚目的項目。」田徑教練莊仲庭展示近五年來,田徑隊多次贏得多項第一名的優異成績。

公正國小是宜蘭縣唯一重點培訓體操項目的學校。進入宜蘭縣立體操館,身高不到100公分的幼兒園孩子們,小小的身影,在教練輔助下,靈活的前空翻,後空翻,展現完美的柔軟度和協調性。雙槓、單槓、鞍馬等項目及動作,教練帶領各級選手,在沒有冷氣的體操館內,揮汗如雨的不斷操練。

「雙軌發展是未來走向。」王泓翔說。一類是推動全民運動,另一類是成立體育專班,培育競技選手。歷年來學長姐得獎的榮耀,是最佳的學習楷模,也是後進者追求的標竿。公正國小師生一心的推動力量,完全應合推廣全民型和深耕競技型的運動政策。簡信斌校長上任後,規劃的醫療站,更是極具創意。「我們充分準備運動醫療的相關物品。」成為全民運動和競技項目的最佳後援補給站。

「我們非常重視體能的基礎扎根,絕不做揠苗助長的事。」莊仲庭說。公正國小寓教於樂的課程,以培養全校體育風氣為目標,用有趣的遊戲,引發學童進一步學習的動機,杜絕超出體能的運動傷害。「成功不必在我,要具備長遠的目光。」由北成國小到公正國小,簡信斌一以貫之。在分級培育的政策下,公正國小稱職扮演扎根搖籃,打穩國家選手的根基,馬步蹲穩了,必能步步晉升,進軍奧運殿堂。                   

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EN

Youth Exchanges and Future Champions:

Yilan Schools Lead the Way

Lee Shan Wei /photos courtesy of Jimmy Lin /tr. by Brandon Yen

“Two Norths, One Heart,” a friendship that has lasted 18 years: Pei-cheng Elementary School in Yilan County and Kitazono Elementary School, its sister institution in Aomori Prefecture in Japan, share the Chinese character for “north” in their names (pronounced bei in Chinese, kita in Japanese). They have forged a close relationship through regular cultural exchanges.

Yilan County has adopted a three-level athletic training program as a key element of its physical education policy. Working through nearly 70 local committees, the Yilan County Athletic Association underpins this program by contributing financial and physical resources to support the prospective national athletes and their coaches. Over the years, Gong Jheng Elementary School has been cultivating young talent from nursery school onward, implementing the three-level training policy by promoting Sports for All and by staging competitions in various athletic disciplines, with the aim of nurturing future national athletes who will do their best to win medals at the Tokyo Olympics.

 


Sister schools, intimate ties

Seated in a row behind a conference table, a group of well-turned-out schoolchildren are expressing themselves politely and eloquently. These are this year’s goodwill ambassadors, dispatched from Pei-cheng Elementary School on a Taiwan‡Japan exchange mission. “The ‘Two Norths, One Heart’ cultural exchange program is now in its 18th year,” says headmistress Liu Po­ling. It was in September 2000 that Pei-cheng Elementary began to visit Japan. Two years later, Kita­zono Elementary returned the visit, and the two schools formally became sisters. In June this year, Liu Po­ling continued the tradition by bringing 39 parents, teachers and students to Kita­zono Elementary, where they engaged in artistic and cultural exchanges. Liu Po­ling—whose policies set great store by the humanities, LOHAS, science and art—not only focuses on cultivating local sensibilities but also continues the school’s tradition of opening up international perspectives. The “Two Norths, One Heart” exchange program is a key aspect of the humanities curriculum.

“We were all looking forward to visiting Japan on the exchange trip. Although we spoke different languages, we could communicate through body language.” Sixth-­graders Zhu Yunzhen, Zhu Yunshang, Lin Kaixin and Zhong Xinyan have all served as “Welcoming Angels.” “They performed a Japanese tea ceremony for us and told us about the rules of etiquette in the Way of Tea.” Fourth-grader Lin Shiyun took part in the exchange program for the first time and was very excited about the opportunity to attend classes in the Japanese school. “Since we came back, I’ve been giving thanks to my family before and after meals, in accordance with the rules of etiquette”—Zhuang Zixin now puts her sense of filial gratitude into practice by expressing her respect. Guo Yongqi, fluent in Japanese, is also happy to have got to know more about Japanese life.   

Prior to their visit, Pei-cheng Elementary School organized a three-month training course for the children, ranging from language, through arts and crafts, to life skills education. Ou Yi­wen—a volunteer teacher for the school’s Japanese language society—played an indispensable role in the training course. She is a parent of one of the children who went on the exchange visit, and was also an important point of contact. Together with her Taiwanese friend Chun­hui ­Oyama, who has emigrated to Japan, Ou Yiwen built a bridge of friendship between Taiwan and Japan; both of them poured their efforts into the project.

Life skills education

“Kitazono Elementary spared no effort in welcoming the delegates from Pei-cheng Elementary.” Everyone was impressed with the Japanese hosts’ meticulous and serious attitude. “The welcome event was hosted by students. From the arrangement of seats to the preparation of food, everything was orderly, and there was no noisy behavior.” Liu Poling thinks that the greatest benefit her students gained from the exchange in terms of life skills education is an insight into the way etiquette shaped the Japanese students’ personal character, their concentration and attentiveness, and their sense of discipline and self-control.

Pei-cheng Elementary School and its parents’ association allocate funding annually in order to sustain this exchange program. The collaboration between the parents on both sides has built a lasting friendship that provides powerful support for the program.

When the Japanese visitors come to Pei-­cheng Elementary, the whole school mobilizes to give them an equally warm welcome. Because the visits are brief, both teachers and students make painstaking preparations in order to present the most authentic Taiwanese food and culture so as to leave a deep impression on the visitors.

“When it’s time to say goodbye, the children always hug each other and cry,” says ­Chien Hsin-pin, who twice led groups to Japan and welcomed visitors from Japan during his eight years as headmaster at Pei-­cheng. Although the exchanges are usually as brief as two days, the children’s friendships seem to transcend time and distance. Stirred up by the occasion, their emotions suddenly overflow.

Three-level training

In addition to cultivating Taiwan‡Japan relations from elementary-school level onward, Yilan County is im­plement­ing a comprehensive plan to nurture athletic talent by giving training in schools at elementary, junior high and senior high school levels. “The county magistrate places a high premium on education; however difficult it is, we will never cut education budgets.” Wang Hung-­hsiang, director general of the Yi­lan County Education Department, says that excellent athletes will be given full recognition and rewards, as well as administrative support. “Our ultimate goal is to train athletes at all three levels.” For example, current national athletes such as the pommel horse champion Lee Chih Kai, the rings champion Chen Chih Yu, and Tang Chia-hung, the horizontal bar gold medalist at the Asian Games, are all athletes whose talents were nurtured at Gong ­Jheng Elementary School under the three-level training policy Wang hopes that Lee Chih Kai and Tang Chia-hung will shine at the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo and do great honor to Taiwan.

Cai Gangzhi, chairman of the Yilan County Athletic Association, says: “We now have 70 committees tasked with promoting and training athletes; 50 of them cover Olympic sports.” Bringing to bear a wealth of social resources, the association has been offering unfailing support to the training of athletes. They have made a particular effort in the recruitment of coaches, training talented athletes through a policy of “One Township, One Focus.”

Martial arts build health and character

The martial arts form an important part of traditional Chinese culture. In 1990, they were included for the first time in the Asian Games. Gong ­Jheng Elementary School’s martial arts team is well trained in many areas, from Nan­quan (Southern Fist) with its distinctive vocal articulations, through Bei­quan (Northern Fist) with its magnificent vigor, to various kinds of weapons. “Only those who are proficient in their academic subjects are allowed to join the athletic training,” says ­Zhuang Zhong­ting, director of academic affairs at Gong ­Jheng. Cultivating both physical skills and moral character is a fundamental aim of education.

“This year we celebrate the 69th anniversary of our school. We are grateful to Magistrate Lin for praising our martial arts team in public and for encouraging them by offering financial rewards,” headmaster ­Chien Hsin-pin says. Gong ­Jheng Elementary can indeed be seen as the pride of Yi­lan. During the 2018 nationwide Martial Arts Games, and during the 10th Asian Junior Wu­shu Championships in 2019 (used as the basis for selecting the national team), the school performed remarkably well, winning 19 gold, 12 silver and eight bronze medals; in both Kuoshu and Wushu, it topped all other schools in its cumulative score, thus retaining its overall championships in both categories and reasserting its national leadership.

The martial arts team was not founded until 2011. Coach You Youren himself was previously a member of the national team. Under his training, the athletes are all martially accomplished. At Gong ­Jheng Elementary, fifth-grader ­Zhang Yi­xin, who individually won three gold medals in Cudgel Play, Bei­quan, and Melee Weapons, and fourth-grader Chen Yun­yun, who garnered gold medals in Nan­quan, Special Weapons, and Weaponed Duel, have both made it to the national team and will represent Taiwan in international competitions. Third-grader You Chu­nan surprised everyone by winning the gold medal in Nei­jia­quan (Internal-style Fist) in his first ever competition.

Sports for all

“Track and field is also a prominent discipline at Gong ­Jheng,” says track and field coach ­Zhuang Zhong­ting, highlighting his team’s top accomplishments in many competitions over the past five years.

Gong Jheng Elementary School is the only school in Yi­lan County that focuses on gymnastics. In the Yi­lan County Gymnasium, which has no air conditioning, the coach trains athletes of all levels, who pour with sweat as they assiduously hone their skills. 

“Dual development is the way forward,” Wang Hung-­hsiang says. One part of it is the promotion of Sports for All, the other being the establishment of specialized coaching groups to train competitive athletes. The single-­minded self-motivation of the teachers and students at Gong Jheng Elementary accords perfectly with a physical education policy that both encourages public participation and provides specialist athletic ­education.

“We strongly emphasize laying the groundwork of physical training and will never force children beyond their capabilities,” ­Zhuang Zhong­ting says. Gong ­Jheng Elementary School’s curriculum, which provides for edu­cation through enjoyment, aims to foster a school-wide culture of physical activity, using interesting games to motivate children to take a further step in their learning, and avoiding sports injuries by recognizing and respecting their limits. “Success does not have to happen here and now. A longer perspective is imperative.” From Pei-cheng­ to Gong ­Jheng, ­headmaster Chien Hsin-pin has held firm to this belief. Under the three-level training policy, Gong ­Jheng Elementary School has lived up to the aim of laying a solid foundation for future national athletes; having acquired all the basics, they will no doubt achieve steady progress and make it to the Olympics.                    

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