用技能改變世界!

技職3.0─Skills for U
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2019 / 11月

文‧蘇晨瑜 圖‧Skills for U


台灣社會體制長期崇文人、輕技能,不只展現在升學教育上,也體現在職場的每個角落。平心而論,技職人才是社會的基石,更是廣大社會的中堅,從做麵包、修水管、埋電路、焊鈑金,術業有專攻,才能讓各行各業百花齊放,也才能讓台灣穩步前行。


八月底,台灣國際賽事傳回捷報,我國國際技能競賽代表團在俄羅斯喀山奪得5金、5銀、5銅,與23優勝,世界排名第四(賽後國際技能組織常務理事會發現,漏計「外觀模型創作」職類分數,2019年10月決議將台灣排名進為第三)。

在此同時,選手在大會現場接受頒獎影片也在「技職3.0」臉書專頁流出。綜合機械銅牌鄭子暘獲知得獎時興奮振臂高呼;西點製作銅牌洪瑀襄奪牌大呼:「超想哭的,練到快崩潰!」;汽車鈑金銀牌顏翔昱握拳:「好想贏大陸!」流露遺憾不捨之情;麵包製作金牌謝協益則對著鏡頭老實說:「想回台灣吃滷肉飯!」

技職選手,台灣之光

這段超接地氣、青春洋溢的影片,秀出長串得獎者的姓名及榮銜,標示著台灣的榮耀。影片下方民眾留言:「感動哭了!你們是台灣的驕傲。」「謝謝你們,讓全世界看到台灣!」過去技職選手一直被鎂光燈忽略,透過影片的傳播,讓這群「台灣之光」被看見。

製作這支影片的幕後推手,是非營利組織Skills for U的執行長黃偉翔。在黃偉翔工作室裡,他俐落打開筆電,秀出畫面:「短短不到幾天,這支影片在臉書上不斷被瘋狂轉載,點閱流量已經超過百萬次。」

為了這次「國際技能競賽」的報導,黃偉翔透過網路募資籌集經費,帶領影像團隊遠赴俄羅斯喀山,不但每天連線報導即時賽況,更不斷回傳影像,提供報導素材給主流媒體使用,成功炒熱「技職議題」。

選手代表光榮歸國後,受到英雄式歡迎,總統蔡英文在府內接見,行政院長蘇貞昌更破天荒地在行政院會上播放這支熱門影片,原本不屬於技職圈的立委菁英與意見領袖,也紛紛在臉書上分享消息。

台灣技職教育總被邊緣化

黃偉翔連拍幾支影片,在網路上掀起大量討論,兩年前,他獨自一人飛到阿拉伯聯合大公國阿布達比,準備報導第44屆國際技能競賽的台灣賽況。頭一次參加這種國際級賽事,自然難掩興奮。但是當他踏入國際記者室,卻意外發現,現場台灣來的記者,竟然只有他一人。

「兩年一度的國際技能競賽,是國際技職界的奧運!」這麼大的賽事,卻沒有台灣記者前來,黃偉翔不諱言自己的失望。當天記者室內,各國記者團隊盤據一方,第一步是先拿出自己國家的國旗,插旗劃地,連記者們都要在桌子上宣示主權。

國際技能競賽是技職圈中,最受人矚目的賽事。該項比賽1950年由西班牙發起,目前由國際技能組織(WorldSkills International, WSI)主辦,主要是讓各國技職人才能有國際觀摩、切磋技能的機會。目前全球會員國超過82個,「台灣從1970年就開始參加,其實是老班底了。」黃偉翔表示。

論起台灣孩子,從來技不輸人。歷年來,許多年輕技職選手出國征戰,在國際技能賽事中捷報頻傳,不過媒體對這類新聞多是草草帶過,技職選手得牌從來不是熱門話題。

當一位國手沒有被人看見,代表的是他背後一整群努力的團隊也被忽略。「這有點像產業鏈的概念。」一個孩子代表一個團隊,例如一位麵包國手,在他的背後還有著培訓的教練、裁判長,以支持他的贊助商。黃偉翔說,技職這個領域相當競爭,許多學技職的孩子花費青春,不斷精進一項技能,為的是獲得在該領域上的認可,如果辛苦努力的成果沒有被人看見,真的相當可惜。

黃偉翔在阿布達比的國際競賽會場許下心願,下次一定要帶一整個團隊來,讓台灣選手能夠被世界看見。

技職3.0:為技職報導發聲

奮力為技職發聲,因為黃偉翔也是技職出身。新北高工畢業,念完台灣科技大學機械工程系,又考上台大機械所。按照媽媽的期待,黃偉翔本來應該在畢業後,出國讀MBA,拿個商管學歷回來,再進入高科技或外商公司,「總之就是當工程師,走一條比較可預期的路。」

但是五年前,他卻選擇成立技職3.0的網站,想用自己的筆去報導技職邊陲的聲音。「五年前剛開始做,大家覺得我是個瘋子。」校長兼工友,要跑新聞、寫報導,又要做網站,也沒有固定薪水。黃偉翔靠兼差家教過活,曾經為了到高雄採訪,沒錢住宿,只能搭夜車,也經歷過到提款機領錢沒有錢可領的窘境。

媽媽擔憂他,親友攀比彼此的小孩,在夜深人靜時,黃偉翔常常天人交戰,吃年夜飯時也不敢面對親友「關愛的眼神」。

其實,創辦技職3.0時,連黃偉翔自己也不理解做這件事情背後所代表的社會意義,只是一股腦兒地覺得,要讓學技能的人獲得應有的重視。從不熟政府部會的跑線菜鳥,到慢慢到了解政策、熟悉技職圈的資深記者,黃偉翔用報導,做了不少改變技職體制的事。他成功促成「兵役法」修正案三讀,讓技職國手免除兵役。他探討技優生在科大端就學配套的問題,揭發乙級技術士證在升學端取用氾濫的弊端、關注技職考招制度調整等議題。他也成為行政院青年諮詢委員,教育部官員時常聽取他對技職教育的意見。

發揮傳播力,為國爭光

今(2019)年國際技能競賽舉行前七天,黃偉翔帶著影像團隊一行六人飛到俄羅斯喀山,進行前置作業。因為是影像作業,事前進行場勘,各國選手在開幕式與閉幕式的走位、出場時間、比賽時段,都必須先做好功課,甚至連選手的個性、專長,都像長串清單,放在黃偉翔的腦子裡。國際賽事複雜多變,臨場需要更多專業新聞判斷,如何捕捉到「對的」瞬間,也考驗著整個團隊。

上一屆黃偉翔單打獨鬥,面對今年四天賽事,場地、交通與國際組織溝通,都得自己處理,複雜的新聞現場,讓他完全應接不暇。這次有了影像團隊加入,整個報導流程更有效率,影像內容豐富多元,讓人們更加了解選手背後苦練的艱辛。

此外,為了傳遞第一手消息,報導團隊比賽期間時常不眠不休、熬夜剪片、上字幕,對抗台灣與俄羅斯五個小時的時差,務求影片能在一早送到各大媒體手上。一路觀察、陪伴選手,黃偉翔與團隊除了剪出多支催人熱淚影片,回國後也沒有讓熱度減退,持續推出比賽花絮,深刻剖析選手賽前、賽後的辛酸點滴。比賽中的勝利與失落、練賽的孤寂、教練的鼓勵、失敗的自責等等,這些不為人知的幕後故事,伴隨著引人入勝的文字,真實呈現在觀者面前。

用技能與社會對話

「我覺得這樣的採訪,並不只是讓金牌選手被看見,而是希望鼓勵選擇技職的孩子,或是百工百業的人,願意投入技職領域。」黃偉翔舉例,像吳寶春可以成為典範,讓更多人願意投入麵包技能的學習,「技職選手也可以發揮影響力,讓年輕人願意走入各行各業,學習技能。」

去(2018)年1月,黃偉翔反思台灣對技職人才缺少實質關照,除了繼續透過他的技職報導傳遞聲音,也希望透過跟體制對話,實質改變台灣的技職領域。他與夥伴成立非營利組織Skills for U,推廣「用技能與社會對話」的理念,響應聯合國永續發展目標(SDGs)中的提升教育品質與減少不平等,讓擁有不同技能的人,得以發展出不同的解決方案,呼應不同的社會議題。

去年底,黃偉翔率領八位國手前往新北市萬里區大鵬國小,成功地把原先國小停車場旁的閒置空間,巧手改造成美麗的貨櫃屋教室,成為小朋友心目中的美術空間。Skills for U也嘗試開發課程,例如在木工科中,讓小朋友實作模型,模擬鄭和下西洋在何處上岸,以木工技能去承載地理與歷史的學習。同樣地,餐飲科學生可為獨居老人製作餐點,設計科學生可為弱勢者製作衣服等等,「透過技能,我們可以去跟不同的社會議題對話,解決不同的社會問題,並讓學習技能的孩子,能夠在學習過程中,與社會的問題產生鏈結。」

黃偉翔也鼓勵想走技職這條路的年輕人,除了考量未來薪水的高低,工作中的歷練、人生的累積也很重要,這些經驗都能在未來轉化成實質的收入。「擁有技能的技職人,不只是產業工人,而是促進社會共好與永續的重要人才。」這條道路是否漫長仍是未知,但黃偉翔知道他會一直走下去。

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EN

Skills to Change the World

—“Craftsmanship Insights” and “Skills for U”

Sharleen Su /photos courtesy of Skills for U /tr. by Phil Newell

Taiwanese society has long put academic education on a pedestal, while undervaluing voca­tional skills. This bias is not only evident in the education system, it also appears in all corners of the job market. But in truth people with professional skills are the foundation and central pillar of society. From baking to plumbing to electrical installation to welding, each profession requires its own special skills. Only with these skills can businesses flourish, and only with them can Taiwan make stable progress.


At the 2019 WorldSkills Competition held in Kazan, Russia, at the end of August, the Taiwanese team won five gold medals, five silvers, five bronzes, and 23 medal­lions of excellence, ranking third in the competition by total medal points.

A video of the awards ceremony posted on the Facebook page “Craftsmanship Insights” shows ­Cheng Tzu-yang, winner of a bronze medal in polymechanics and automation, punching the air and shouting for joy when his name is announced; Hung Yu-hsiang, bronze medalist in patisserie and confectionery, says excitedly, “I want to cry—I trained until I nearly collapsed!”; Yan Xiang-yu, silver medalist in autobody repair, clenches his fist and says wryly, “I sooo wanted to beat mainland China!”; and Hsieh Hsieh-yi, who took a gold medal in bakery, when asked if there is anything he particularly wants to do, looks straight into the camera and says candidly, “I want to go back to Taiwan and eat some braised pork on rice!”

The pride of Taiwan

This down-to-earth video, full of youthful energy, showed the names and awards of prizewinners one after another, highlighting the glory they had won for Taiwan. The comments section below the video included messages such as: “This made me cry! You are the pride of Taiwan.” “Thank you all for putting Taiwan in the world spotlight!”

The driving force behind the making of this video was Huang Wei-xiang, founder of Craftsmanship Insights and CEO of the not-for-profit organization “Skills for U.”

To report on this year’s WorldSkills Competition, Huang raised funds online to bring his film team to faraway Kazan. Not only did they go online daily to describe the latest developments in real time, they continually fed videos and images back to Taiwan to provide content for use by the mainstream media, successfully drawing public attention to the topic of occupa­tional skills.

A marginalized field

Huang filmed several videos in Kazan, inspiring a lot of discussion on the Internet. Yet young people who pursue vocational education have long been ignored by society. Two years ago, Huang went by himself to Abu Dhabi, capital of the United Arab Emirates, to report on the 2017 WorldSkills Competition. But when he walked into the international press room, he discovered that he was the only reporter from Taiwan there.

“The WorldSkills Competition, held every two years, is the Olympics of the international occupational skills community!” Yet there were no reporters from Taiwan at such a major event.

WorldSkills has the highest profile of any contest in the world of vocational skills. Having started in Spain in 1950, it currently boasts over 82 member countries from around the world. “Taiwan began competing in 1970, so in fact we’re longstanding members,” says Huang.

When a national team competitor is overlooked in Taiwan, this means that a whole group of people behind that competitor have also been overlooked. “It’s a little like the notion of an industrial value chain.” It really is a pity if the accomplishments that youngsters pursuing vocational education have worked so hard to achieve go unnoticed.

Craftsmanship Insights—a voice for skills

Huang founded the Craftsmanship Insights website five years ago in hopes of giving voice to the peripheral world of occupational skills through reports. “When I started out five years ago, everyone thought I was crazy.”

While going from a rookie beat reporter unfamiliar with government agencies to a senior journalist who under­stands policies and is familiar with the occupational skills community, Huang has often used his stories to advocate for change. He successfully promoted the passage of amendments to Taiwan’s legislation on compulsory military service, so that members of national teams competing in international contests are exempt from service. He has also explored the issue of measures to support outstanding vocational students in going on to study at technical universities, exposed the overuse of Class B Technician Certificates as a route into higher education, and examined ways to improve the recruitment system for vocational education. Huang has been appointed to the Executive Yuan’s Youth Advisory Council, and officials at the Ministry of Education often consult him on matters related to vocational education.

In August 2019, Huang brought his five-member video team to Kazan seven days before the WorldSkills Competition began. To ensure a continuing flow of first-hand news, during the competition the team worked through the nights to edit footage and add subtitles so that their reports would arrive at major media outlets first thing in the morning. By accompanying and observing the competitors throughout their stay, Huang and his team not only were able to capture many touching scenes for the reports they filed during the event itself, but after returning home they continued to put out behind-the-scenes stories from the competition, dissecting in depth the challenges and hardships the contestants experienced. Accompanied by fascinating online commentaries, these reports presented reality directly to their audience.

Dialogue with society through skills

“I feel that reports of this kind should not only raise the visibility of gold medal winners. I hope they will also encourage young people who have chosen vocational education and people in all kinds of craft professions to devote themselves to the field of occupational skills.”

In January 2018, Huang and some partners formed the not-for-profit group “Skills for U.” They want to promote the concept of “using occupational skills to engage in dialogue with society,” in hopes of enabling people with different skill sets to develop novel solutions in response to different social issues.

At the end of 2018, Huang and eight competitors from international skills contests transformed an idle space beside the parking lot of Da­peng Elementary School in New Taipei City’s ­Wanli District into a beautiful shipping-container classroom, creating an arts space for the children. “By applying occupational skills, we can get involved with different social issues and solve various social problems, while enabling young people in vocational education to connect with social issues as they learn.”

“People with vocational skills are not only valued industrial workers, they are also an important source of talent for promoting social harmony and sustainability.” How long this road will be is still uncertain, but Huang Wei-xiang is sure he will continue to walk down it.     

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